As one of the top natural gas producers, Egypt’s primary energy supply is dominated by fossil fuels, with natural gas contributing 55% and oil contributing 37% in 2019. The remaining supply is a mix of coal (3%), biomass (4%) and other renewables (2%).
Egypt relies heavily on natural gas for electricity generation (about 77%). Remaining generation is supplied by oil (13%) and renewables (9%), mostly hydropower, followed by wind, solar, and bioenergy. Egypt’s growing power demand and decline in gas production following the 2011 revolution led to power and fuel shortages from 2011 to 2014. With the construction of new capacity, natural gas discoveries, and sector reform Egypt now has a surplus of power capacity with plans to export electricity.–
Egypt’s Vision 2030 set targets for their electricity mix in 2030. The strategy targets a significant increase in coal (to 29% of the power mix) and renewables (35%), the development of nuclear power (9%), and falling shares of oil and gas (27%)., Egypt’s Integrated Sustainable Energy Strategy (ISES) sets electricity mix targets for 2035; however, at COP26, the government announced that the ISES target for 42% renewable energy in the power mix has been moved forward to 2030.