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Algeria Current situation

What is Algeriaʼs pathway to limit global warming to 1.5°C?

Emissions profile

Algeria heavily relies on fossil fuels and almost doubled its GHG emissions between 2000 and 2017, reaching around 229.6 MtCO₂e. The energy sector accounts for 84% of Algeria’s total emissions, with 58% of emissions coming from fuel combustion and 26% being fugitive emissions from the fossil fuel industry. Industrial processes, agriculture, and waste were responsible for 6%, 5%, and 5% of total emissions in 2017, respectively.

1 Ministère de l’Aménagement du Territoire, de l’Environnement et du T. [MATET]. Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC-Algeria). (2015).

2 Meinshausen M; Lewis J; Guetschow J; Nicholls Z; Burdon R. ‘NDC Factsheets’, 2021, version 14th February 2022. (2021).=

3 Ministère de l’Energie et des Mines [MEM]. Programme des énergies renouvelables et de l’efficacité énergétique. (2011).

4 Ministère de l’Energie et des Mines [MEM]. Bilan Energétique National 2019. (2020).

5 Bouznit, M. P.-R. M. del P. S.-B. A. Measures to promote renewable energy for electricity generation in Algeria. Sustainability 12, (2020).

6 Ministère de l’Aménagement du Territoire, de l’Environnement et du T. [MATET]. Inventaire national des émissions de gaz à effet de serre de l’année 2000, Projet 000039149/GEF/PNUD. (2010).

7 Ministère de l’Aménagement du Territoire, de l’Environnement et du T. [MATET]. Seconde Communication Nationale sur les Changements Climatiques (Projet ALG/FEM/PNUD/00839149). (2010).

8 IRENA. Estimating the Renewable Energy Potential in Africa. (2014).

9 Ministère de l’Energie et des Mines [MEM]. Programme de développement des énergies renouvelables et de l’efficacité énergétique en Algérie. (2016).

10 UNFCCC. Long-term strategies portal. (2022).

11 Climate Watch. Algeria, National Context. (2022).

12 Ministère de l’Aménagement du Territoire, de l’Environnement et du T. [MATET]. Plan National Climat (PNC) de l’Algérie. (2019).

13 International Energy Forum. Algeria Powers Ahead with Huge Renewable Energy Plans. (2021).

14 IEA. World Energy Outlook 2022. (2022).

15 Gouvernement de la République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire. Loi n° 99-09 du 28 juillet 1999 relative à la maîtrise de l’énergie. (Journal Officiel de la République Algérienne N°51, 1999).

16 Gouvernement de la République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire. Décret exécutif n° 04-314 du 25 Septembre 2004 modifiant et complétant le décret n° 85-235 du 25 août 1985, modifié et complété, portant création d’une agence pour la promotion et la rationalisation de l’utilisation de l’énergie. (Journal Officiel de la République Algérienne N°62, 2004).

17 Gouvernement de la République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire. Décret exécutif n°17-166 du 22 mai 2017 modifiant et complètant le décret exécutif n° 13-218 du 18 juin 2013 fixant les conditions d’octroi des primes au titre des coûts de diversification de la production d’électricité. (Journal Officiel de la République Algérienne N°31, 2017).

18 Tamaryn Brown; Ajay Gambhir; Nicholas Florin; and Paul Fennell. Reducing CO2 emissions from heavy industry: a review of technologies and considerations for policy makers. (2012).

19 See assumptions here

Algeriaʼs current GHG emissions

MtCO₂e/yr

Displayed values

By sector

  • Combustion
  • Fugitive emissions
  • Other
  • Industry (processes)
  • Agriculture
  • Waste
  • LULUCF
Energy (84%)0

By gas

  • CO₂
  • CH₄
  • N₂O
  • Other
066%0

Sectors by gas

Energy
072%0
Agriculture
00
Industry (processes)
082%0

Energy system

Algeria is a net exporter of energy, mostly fossil gas and crude oil. In 2019, the country exported 58% of the energy it produced.4 Natural gas and crude oil are also the country’s main energy sources, with 98% sourced domestically and around 2% imported. The country’s electricity production relied almost 100% on fossil fuels in 2016, with a tiny fraction generated from hydropower.5
Algeria has enormous renewable energy resources5 and is among the countries with the highest wind energy potential in Africa.8 Renewable energy sources would provide a sustainable alternative to Algeria’s heavy reliance on fossil fuels.9

Targets and commitments

Economy-wide targets

Target type

Baseline scenario target

NDC target

Unconditional NDC Target:

  • 7% below business as usual by 20301
  • 16–39% above 2015 levels by 2030, excluding LULUCF

Conditional NDC Target:

  • 22% below business as usual by 20301
  • 3% below 2015 levels to 25% above 2015 excluding LULUCF

Long-term target

As of January 2023, Algeria does not have net zero target, nor has it submitted a long-term strategy to the UNFCCC.10,11

Sector coverage

EnergyIndustryWasteAgricultureLULUCF

Greenhouse gas coverage

CO₂CH₄N₂O

Sectoral targets

Energy

  • Reducing by 9% the national consumption of energy by 2030 based on BAU.1
  • Reducing the volume of gas flaring to less than 1% by 2030 based on BAU.1

Buildings

  • Implement thermal insulation of buildings between 2021 and 2030.1

Industry

  • Increasing the share of liquefied petroleum and natural gas in the consumption of fuels between 2021 and 2030.1

Waste

  • Energy recovery and recycling of methane from landfill sites and wastewater treatment plants.1

LULUCF

  • Afforestation, reforestation, and prevention of forest fires as well as improving means to fight them.1
  • Reforestation of 1,245,000 ha by 2030.1

Power

  • 27% of electricity generated from renewable energy sources.1
  • 37% of installed capacities from renewable energy sources.3
  • Installing 22,000 MW of renewable power capacity between 2011 and 2030, including 12,000 MW to meet national demand for electricity and 10,000 MW for export by 2030.3,9,12
  • Generalising high-performance lighting.1

Transport

  • Replacing gasoline and diesel fuels by fuels based on liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas.9
  • “Mainstreaming of the use of clean fuels in individual and collective transport, particularly in large urban cities.”9

Footnotes