The share of renewables in the power sector needs to increase from 38% in 2020 to 88-90% in 2030.1 By 2050 almost all electricity generated in the EU should be coming from renewable sources.
The share of coal in electricity generation fell from 23% in 2017 to 13% in 2020. By the end of the decade, almost all coal needs to be phased out from the power sector.
In 2017, the share of natural gas was lower than that of coal, at 18% of the EU’s electricity generation, though it has increased to 20% in 2020. Its share needs to decrease to 4-5% by 2030 and be completely phased-out by the end of the next decade, which stands in contrast to continued investment in natural gas infrastructure in the EU.
In order to align with 1.5°C pathways, carbon intensity needs to fall to 50 gCO2/kWh by 2030, with some scenarios reaching 0 gCO2/kWh by 2030 and becoming a source of negative emissions towards 2050.
Key power sector benchmarks
Renewables shares and year of zero emissions power Including the use of BECCS
- 2030 76 to 88% Renewable share
- 2037-2044 Zero emissions power
- 2050 94 to 99% Renewable share