Egypt’s 2017 conditional NDC does not include an emissions reduction target. Instead, the NDC lists broad actions across the energy (including oil and gas), agriculture, waste, and industrial processes sectors to mitigate emissions.
Setting an emissions reduction target would be the first step towards a decarbonisation pathway. In order to be 1.5°C compatible, Egypt would need to peak its GHG emissions pretty much immediately and reduce its emissions by 22% below 2015 levels by 2030 so as to reach emissions levels of 224 MtCO₂e/yr when excluding LULUCF in 2030.
To close its emissions gap, Egypt’s NDC states the needs for financial support from Annex I parties in addition to technology transfer and local capacity building. Egypt did not submit an updated NDC ahead of COP26. As the host of COP27, Egypt need to submit a more ambitious and quantifiable mitigation target in its NDC in 2022.
Egypt does not have a net zero target. At COP26, the government presented the Egypt National Climate Change Strategy – 2050; however, this does not include a mitigation target. 1.5°C compatible pathways show emissions reductions of 63-68% by 2050 below 2015 levels when excluding LULUCF emissions. On the road to net zero, the country will need to balance remaining emissions through the use of carbon dioxide removal approaches, such as land sinks.
Achieving net zero CO₂ will depend on the rapid decarbonisation of the power sector, as this is a catalyst for the decarbonisation of other sectors.