The transport sector in Thailand made up 29% of the country’s total direct CO₂ emissions and had the second highest share in primary energy demand of 36%. Energy consumption of this sector has increased steadily since 1990, growing by around 40% between 2010–2019.
Thailand’s transport sector is dominated by fossil fuels (92% in 2019), mainly oil (86%). In all our analysed scenarios, fossil energy demand from the transport sector peaks by 2019 and declines thereafter. A Paris Agreement compatible pathway requires a rapid electrification of the transport sector, reaching a 13–43% share of the sector’s final energy demand by 2050.
Thailand has adopted several policies in the transport sector to reduce emissions, including an electric vehicle roadmap and a goal for 100% of new vehicle sales to be EVs by 2035. In 2021, Thailand’s National Electric Vehicle Policy Committee announced that 30% of vehicles produced in Thailand will be zero-emission by 2030. In addition, Thailand provides tax benefits for battery manufacturing and supplies. Earlier Thailand had a biofuel blending mandate of 10% which has now been lowered to 7%. To enhance mass transit systems, the government is adopting policies with integrated development plan for rail, public transport and water transport.