Power sector in 2030
Jamaica’s power sector is heavily dominated by fossil fuels which are responsible for 89% of the country’s electricity generation. Oil makes up 68% of the total energy mix, with the remaining 21% coming from fossil gas. The share of renewable energy in Jamaica’s power sector was 11% in 2019.
1.5°C compatible pathways for Jamaica indicate a need to increase the share of renewable energy from 11% in 2019 to a range of 57–72% of the power mix by 2030. Currently, the country has a target to increase the share of renewable energy to 20% by 2030 and 50% by 2037. These targets are not compatible with the Paris Agreement – to embark on a 1.5°C pathway, Jamaica should triple its 2030 renewable energy target.
To be in line with 1.5°C pathways, Jamaica’s power sector would need to be fully decarbonised between 2038 and 2040, driven by a full phase-out of fossil fuels.