In its NDC that was updated in 2021, Israel commits to reducing its emissions by 27% by 2030 relative to 2015 levels, including LULUCF.
A 1.5°C compatible domestic emissions reduction target for Israel would be 37% below 2015 levels by 2030, excluding LULUCF. The majority of emissions reductions will need to occur in the power and transport sectors, as these are the biggest emitters in Israel. The energy sector as a whole accounted for more than 76% of Israel’s total GHG emissions in 2019.
To do its fair share of global emissions reduction efforts in line with the Paris Agreement, Israel would need to provide substantial support for emission reductions to developing countries on top of its domestic reductions.
Long term pathway
Israel intends to cut its emissions by 85% below 2015 levels by 2050 (including LULUCF emissions), or an emissions level of 12 MtCO₂e by 2050. To be 1.5°C compatible, Israel’s emissions would need to be 78–86% below 2015 levels excluding LULUCF, or in absolute terms around 11–18 MtCO₂e in 2050. As land sinks are negligible in Israel, the country will need to either reduce emissions even beyond this level or rely on carbon dioxide removal approaches to reach net zero GHG. Our analysis indicates that CO₂ emissions could reach zero by 2050 under 1.5°C compatible pathways.