Although Ethiopia relies on a high amount of renewable energy (around 90% of its total primary energy consumption), close to 88% in 2017 comes from traditional biomass (the burning of charcoal and firewood) mostly used for cooking., While the country will need to keep up its share of renewables, there will need to be a shift away from biomass to other conventional renewables sources such as solar, wind and hydro. Reducing biomass as a source of energy will steer emissions reductions in the LULUCF sector, by reducing deforestation.
Ethiopia’s Climate Resilient Green Economy initiative (CRGE) states that the country aims to increase electricity supply at a rate of 14% per annum mainly from hydropower, geothermal and wind with ‘virtually zero GHG emissions’. With a current installed capacity of 4244 MW, of which over 95% (4140 MW) is renewable (hydro, wind and geothermal), this looks like a realistic target.,,
Its draft energy policy includes increased electrification as well as grid reliability, increased access to modern cooking technologies and promotion of renewables.,,, Due to high initial costs, limited access, monthly billing and low reliability for electricity combined with cultural factors, electric cooking, LPG uptake, biogas, and improved biofuel stoves uptake has been slow in comparison to kerosene, charcoal and firewood.,
While Ethiopia’s Growth and Transformation Plan II (GTP II) Ethiopia had planned to source more than 90% of its increased capacity in energy production from renewables by 2020 the country still sees coal and nuclear in its future as well as continued importation of fossil fuels. This risks the creation of high-cost stranded assets, despite huge renewable energy potential estimated at >80 TWh in 2030., Electricity generation reached 44% and power 66% of their respective targets by 2017, and access to electricity had reached 57% coverage in 2017 whereas the country targets 90% by 2020.,,,