Emissions related to energy use in Serbia’s industrial sector dropped by 47% between 1990 and 2019, from 9.8 MtCO₂e to 5.2 MtCO₂e, broadly reflecting a drop in the sector’s energy demand from 193 PJ to 91 PJ in the same time period.
The historical emissions dataset PRIMAP-Hist used here shows that industrial process-related emissions in Serbia increased by 218% between 1990 and 2019, from 4.6 MtCO₂e to 14.6 MtCO₂e. However, Serbia’s _2nd National Communication] indicates a decrease in the industrial sector’s process-related emissions due to a slowdown of its cement, iron and steel manufacturing following the 2008 global financial crisis.
All of the 1.5°C compatible pathways analysed here show an increase in the combined share of electricity, hydrogen and biomass in the industrial sector’s energy mix to around 72% by 2050 from 43% in 2019. Electricity takes the biggest share.
The 2021 Serbian Law on Energy Efficiency and Rational Use of Energy requires industrial plants to submit energy usage statistics and energy efficiency improvement plans to the newly created agency. The law also includes provisions to provide financial incentives for companies to implement their energy efficiency plans and encourages cogeneration. However, the government has so far not communicated any policies to reduce industrial process-related emissions.