Serbia’s main emitting sector is the energy sector which contributed 71% of all GHG emissions in 2019. Power sector is the most emitting sub-sector, responsible for 47% of total GHG emissions. The transport sector contributed 11% and industry energy use 5% of total GHG emissions in 2019, followed by others. Emissions from the power sector and industry energy use fell by 29% and 47%, respectively, between 1990 and 2019, whereas transport and building emissions increased in the same time period, by 54% and 8%, respectively.
Of the remaining emitting sectors, industrial processes contribute about 17% of total GHG emissions. The metal industry is responsible for the largest portion of industrial emissions, followed by cement and lime production, and finally the chemical industry. With the exception of the metal industry, all subsectors’ emissions have declined in the past two decades, bringing the overall industrial process emissions down.
Emissions from both the waste and agricultural sectors were declining between the 1990s and 2010, but have plateaued since then. Emissions from the waste sector in Serbia are linked to solid waste disposal and wastewater treatment, while enteric fermentation and manure management are mainly responsible for the agricultural emissions.