Although overall energy consumption has dropped considerably in the last ten years, emissions from the buildings sector have increased. In 2019, the share of residential and commercial buildings in Romania’s overall energy consumption was 13.5%. Direct emissions from Romania’s building sector would need to fall by between 39-59% below 2019 levels by 2030, reaching zero between 2034-2045, to be 1.5°C compatible.
Romania has set a goal to renovate 100% of public buildings by 2050. While this is commendable, it is insufficient without a similar level of ambition towards residential buildings, which has the largest share of buildings requiring renovation (around 91%) and also has the highest energy consumption (around 81%). For the 2021-2030 period, a priority to reduce energy consumption should be to target larger multi-apartment buildings first, followed by public buildings and single-family buildings.
Raising the electrification of final energy demand in the buildings sector through measures such as incentivising the installation of heat pumps, would contribute greatly to emissions reduction in the sector. Achieving a 1.5°C compatible electrification rate would require roughly doubling electricity’s share in final energy from 2019 levels by 2030, reaching well over 50% by 2050.