The DRC’s residential and commercial buildings were the largest consumers of energy with a share of 91% of total final consumption in 2019. The majority of the sector’s energy mix was sourced from solid biomass with a share of 96% in 2019. The biomass is primarily in the form of wood fuel and charcoal which account for 93% of the energy used for cooking. Some studies show that the use of energy wood is projected to increase to around 58% of forest degradation and 19% of localised deforestation by 2030. Only 5% of the population had access to clean cooking technologies in 2020.
Most of the scenarios analysed see an increase in direct CO₂ emissions to around 1 MtCO₂e/yr until 2030 after which they peak and start declining, reaching close to zero by 2040. In these scenarios, the increasing replacement of traditional biomass with electricity as a source of energy is the main driver of this decline. From 1% in 2019, the electricity share in the buildings sector grows to between 18% to 23% by 2030 and 57% to 81% by 2050. Electricity will help decarbonise the building sector if it is produced from renewable energy sources which is the case in the DRC (See the power section for details).
Whilst the emissions from the building sector are already negligible, the DRC has not articulated any detailed targets or measures to mitigate building-related emissions.