In 2019, the share of electricity in Peru’s building sector – both residential and commercial – was over 30%, followed by biomass and oil and gas. The sector emitted 4 MtCO₂ which represented 2% of total emissions in the energy sector.
The analysed 1.5°C pathways show that the sector could be decarbonised between 2030 and 2043, with the share of electricity doubling by 2030 from 2019 values and reaching close to 90% in 2050.
Peru will need stronger policies in place to decarbonise the buildings sector. In 2021, the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation released an updated version of the technical code for sustainable construction which consists of guidelines for renovation, design and construction of sustainable buildings following SDG criteria. Other government programmes include the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) for Sustainable Construction which aims to reduce water consumption in buildings by 30–40% and energy consumption by 30–50% by 2030. However, the implementation of energy efficiency and appliance labelling programmes would need to be accelerated and other stronger measures be put in place in order to reduce emissions in the sector.