Morocco has seen its overall energy consumption rise steadily over the past 10 years. While transport accounts for the highest share of total final energy consumption in Morocco, residential buildings are the second-highest consumer, accounting for 25-26% of total final consumption in 2019, while commercial buildings accounted for 7-8% of total final consumption. In 2019, 52% of the energy mix in the buildings sector consisted of oil, 27% of electricity, and 21% of biomass.
The government of Morocco anticipates energy consumption from the buildings sector to increase due to population growth, the development of new cities, and the utilisation of air conditioning and heating systems across Morocco.
To align with 1.5°C compatible pathways, Morocco would need to reduce the direct annual CO₂ emissions from the buildings sector from 8 MtCO₂ in 2019 to zero no later than 2056. This can be achieved through a rapid increase in the electrification rate of the building sector. The share of electricity would need to rise from 27% in 2019 to 41-50% in 2030, and 82-85% by 2050.
Morocco aims to mitigate 3.782 MtCO₂e in the buildings sector by 2030 (relative to BAU levels) through a range of measures expressed in its Third Biennial Update Report. These include a national plan for the development of solar water heaters; the mainstreaming of LED lamps in the residential sector; minimum energy performance standards for refrigerators and air conditioners; energy efficiency standards for new buildings and tourist accommodations; 1000 MWp of solar power installations for self-consumption in residential and tertiary sectors; and an energy efficiency programme for public lighting (see the targets section for more information). While these are encouraging steps in the right direction, Morocco would need to accelerate and enhance such initiatives to achieve full decarbonisation of the buildings sector between 2039-2056.