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Morocco Current situation

What is Moroccoʼs pathway to limit global warming to 1.5°C?

Emissions profile

The energy sector is the largest source of emissions in Morocco with a share of around 76% of total emissions in 2018, based on Morocco’s 3rd Biennial Update Report (reference approach). This is followed by the agricultural sector, which is responsible for approximately 10% of total national emissions. Out of all sectors, the IPPU and waste sectors contribute the lowest amount to national emissions, with a 7% and 6% share each respectively.4

The LULUCF sector in Morocco is a source of negative emissions and serves as a crucial carbon sink. In 2018, the sector absorbed approximately 1.7 MtCO₂e.5 However, the amount of carbon absorbed by the LULUCF sector decreased consistently between 2010 and 2016, indicating a decline in the sector’s capacity to serve as a carbon sink.5

Under a Business-as-Usual (BAU) scenario, Morocco anticipates total national emissions to rise to 142 MtCO₂e by 2030.1 With Morocco’s NDC including an intention to build additional natural gas infrastructure, emissions from the energy sector can be expected to continue to grow. Emissions from the waste and agricultural sectors also grew consistently between 2010 and 2018, suggesting an increasing trend in these sectors’ emissions as well.4 The IPPU sector saw its share of national emissions reduce from 8% in 2010 to 6% in 2018.5

1 Ministère de l’Energie, des M. et de l’Environnement, D. de l’Environnement. Contribution Déterminée au Niveau National – Actualisée. (2021).

2 Chargé de l’Environnement. 3éme Communication Nationale du Maroc à la Convention Cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques. (2016).

3 Chargé de l’Environnement. Plan Climat National à horizon 2030. (2020).

4 Département du Développement Durable. 3ème Rapport Biennal Actualisé du Maroc dans le cadre de la CCNUCC. (2022).

5 Département de l’Environnement. 2ème Rapport Biennal Actualisé Dans le cadre de la convention cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques. (2019).

6 International Energy Agency. Morocco: Data Browser. International Energy Agency. (2022).

7 Climate Action Tracker. Morocco: Policies & action. Climate Action Tracker. (2021).

8 Hatim, Y. Morocco Extends Jorf Lasfar Power Plant Contract With Emirati Company. Morocco World News. (2020).

9 Ministry of Economy and Finance. Signing ceremony for the extension of the Power Purchase Agreement of the Jorf Lasfar Thermal Power Plant. Ministry of Economy and Finance. (2020).

10 Climate Action Tracker. Morocco: Targets. Climate Action Tracker. (2021).

11 MAP Ecology. «Forêts du Maroc 2020-2030» : Une stratégie consacrant la vision royale du DD. Agence Marocaine De Presse. (2020).

12 Office National de l’Electricité et de l’Eau portable. Production de l’Electricité. Office National de l’Electricité et de l’Eau portable..

13 Nareva. Our Assets and Projects: Safi Thermal Power Plant. Nareva. (2020).

14 Global cost-effective pathways assessed by the IPCC Special Report 1.5°C tend to include fossil fuel use well beyond the time at which these could be phased out, compared to what is understood from bottom-up approaches, and often rely on rather conservative assumptions in the development of renewable energy technologies. This tends to result in greater reliance on technological CDR than if a faster transition to renewables were achieved. The scenarios available at the time of this analysis focus particularly on BECCS as a net-negative emission technology, and our downscaling methods do not yet take national BECCS potentials into account.

15 It should be noted, however, that an increased share of electricity can only facilitate the decarbonisation of the building sector if the electricity is sourced from renewable energies. The “Power” section of this profile elaborates on the pathways for decarbonisation of Morocco’s power sector.

Moroccoʼs current GHG emissions


Displayed values

By sector

  • Power
  • Transport
  • Industry (energy use)
  • Buildings
  • Other
  • Fugitive emissions
  • Agriculture
  • Industry (processes)
  • Waste
Energy (76%)⟵ LULUCF negative emissions

By gas

  • CO₂
  • CH₄
  • N₂O
  • Other

Sectors by gas

Industry (processes)

Energy system

The main drivers of emissions in the energy sector are gas/diesel, oil, LPG, and coal, which collectively accounted for around 48 MtCO₂e in 2018.4 Energy industries and transport account for 39% and 31% of the energy sector emissions respectively. In the agricultural sector, agricultural soils (linked to factors such as the application of fertilizers, etc) and enteric fermentation linked to animal husbandry are the largest sources of emissions. Agricultural soils contributed 52% and enteric fermentation around 44% of the sector’s emissions in 2018.

In 2019, the fuel mix composition of Morocco’s energy supply was dominated by oil, which provided 56% of the total supply. This was followed by coal at around 30% and biofuels at 6%. Natural gas accounted for 4% of the total energy supply. Renewable energies contribute the least to the national energy supply, with wind and solar power contributing 3% of the total energy supply, while hydropower contributed only 0.5%.6

Morocco’s updated NDC explicitly highlights plans to build additional natural gas infrastructure to accommodate 450 MW of imported natural gas capacity by 2030.1 This risks locking in carbon-intensive investments and assets that will increase the share of fossil fuels in the national energy supply.

In its NDC, the government explicitly highlights its intention to have renewable energy contribute 52% of the national electricity supply by 2030.1 These plans would also see the share of renewable energies in the national energy supply increase considerably.

Morocco is currently in the process of building a 1.3 GW coal power plant in the city of Nador, which is expected to be operational by 2023-2024.7 Morocco has also taken steps to extend the lifetime of some of its existing coal plants. These plans include the extension of the Moroccan Electricity and Water Utility Company’s (ONEE) purchasing power agreement (PPA) at the 2 GW Jorf Lasfar coal power plant by another 17 years – from 2027 to 2044.8,9 Such activities puts the country on a dangerous carbon intensive path, with the risk of getting stuck with stranded assets when 1.5°C compatible pathways show the need to phase out coal by 2030 (see the power section for more detail).

Targets and commitments

Economy-wide targets

Target type

Baseline scenario target

NDC target

Overall NDC Target (conditional + unconditional):

Unconditional NDC Target:

Market mechanism

  • Morocco considers the establishment of market mechanisms as essential to promote cooperation between Parties of the Paris Agreement, and to reduce the total costs of achieving the mitigation objectives of the Paris Agreement.1

Long-term target

  • Morocco submitted its 2050 long-term strategy to the UNFCCC in December 2021. While it does not provide a quantified emissions reduction target by 2050, the strategy aims, among others, at increasing to up to 80% the share of renewables in the power sector by 2050 and electrifying its end-use sectors. The strategy states the goal to reach ‘carbon neutrality during this century’. Morocco has not articulated a net-zero target in its NDC.10 However, the NDC states that the development of the 2019 National Climate Plan for 2030 (PCN 30) provides a framework for the development of a long-term climate policy.1

Sector coverage


Greenhouse gas coverage


Sectoral targets


  • 52% of installed capacity from renewable sources by 2030:
    • 20% from solar energy.
    • 20% from wind energy.
    • 12% from hydropower.
  • Achieve an energy saving of 20% by 2030 (compared to current trends).
  • Install an additional 450 MW of imported natural gas capacity between 2020 and 2030.1,4
  • Install a total capacity between 2020 and 2030:
    • 4083 MW of solar energy.
    • 4023 MW of wind energy.
    • 148 MW of hydroelectricity.4
  • Wind farms development: Install wind farms on several sites with a total capacity of 1467 MW by 2020 (to be expanded to 2180 MW by 2030 under conditional NDC targets).1
  • Install solar power plants on several sites with a total capacity of 827 MW by 2020 (to be expanded to 4000 MW by 2030 under conditional NDC targets).1
  • Install hydropower plants (and pumped-storage hydroelectricity stations) totalling 1098 MW of capacity.1
  • Replace 30% of fuels used for phosphate drying with solar energy.4
  • Attain a total of 3550 MW of combined cycle energy (powered by natural gas) by 2025.3
  • Extend the Tahaddart power plant by 450 MW of natural gas capacity by around 2025.1


  • Reforest and restore 50,000 ha per year (to be increased by 20,000 ha per year under conditional NDC targets).1
  • 6,000,000 forest plants per year.1
  • Compensation for forest protection (90,000 ha per year). To be increased by 30,000 ha per year under conditional NDC.1
  • Distribute 6000 improved energy efficient ovens/kilns per year (to be increased by 3000 ovens/kilns per year under conditional NDC targets.1
  • Better management of fire risks including the opening and maintenance of firebreak trenches.
  • Adhere to the fundamental interventions of the “Forêts du Maroc 2020-2030” Strategy.1,11


  • Plant 447,000 ha of olive trees in areas unsuitable for annual crops (to be increased by 300,000 ha under conditional NDC targets).1
  • Plant 160,000 ha of fruit trees, especially in fragile mountain areas (to be increased by 400,000 ha under conditional NDC targets).1
  • Plant 45,000 ha of citrus fruits (density of 600 plants per hectare). To be increased by 49,300 ha under conditional NDC targets.1
  • Plant 3 million date palms to combat desertification and rural exodus of young people (to be increased by 2 million plants under conditional NDC targets).1 To be planted on 30,000 ha.4
  • Plant 14,500 ha of fodder shrubs and develop rangelands to combat desertification (to be increased by 84,000 ha – 300,000 ha under conditional NDC targets).1,4
  • Plant 44,000 ha of cacti in arid areas for revegetation of bare or eroded land (to be increased by 85,150 ha under conditional NDC targets).1
  • Plant 49,300 ha of argan trees.4


  • Reduce energy consumption by 20% by 2030.
  • Achieve energy savings of 14% for city, housing and tertiary sectors by 2030.
  • Install 40 million compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and 40 million light-emitting diode (LED) lamps between 2010 and 2030.1
  • Install 1000 MWp of solar power for self-consumption in residential and tertiary sectors.4


  • Reduce energy consumption by 20% by 2030 compared to current trends.
  • Extend the Casablanca and Rabat tramways.1,4
  • Mandate the compliance of all private and commercial vehicles (Categories M and N) in the Moroccan market with the Euro 6 vehicle emissions standard from January 2024.1,4
  • Introduce a “bonus-malus system” to encourage purchase of low-emission vehicles, and to penalize the most polluting vehicle models.1,4
  • Reduce vehicle obsolescence through the granting of vehicle renewal/refurbishment and scrapping bonuses in alignment with relevant finance laws.1
  • Adopt eco-driving practices to reduce fuel consumption and vehicle maintenance costs.1
  • Apply European Regulation to establish CO₂ performance standards for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles by 2030.1,4
  • Establish an urban transport fund with approximately USD 200 million capitalization.1
  • Increase the share of hybrid or electric vehicles in the State fleet by 30% compared to current trends.1


  • Collect of biogas in wastewater treatment plants for conversion to electricity generation (quantities not articulated).1
  • Recovery of household waste by biomechanical treatment associated with co-incineration (quantities not articulated).1
  • Treat 50% of wastewater in 2016, 60% in 2020, and 100% in 2030.1
  • Recycle 20% of household and similar waste by 2030.1
  • Recover 20% of organic matter from household and similar waste by 2030.1
  • Recover 10% of energy from waste by 2030.1
  • Recycle 25% of industrial waste by 2030.1
  • Recycle 70% of end-of-life vehicles by 2030.1


  • Reduce energy consumption by 20% by 2030.
  • Reduce energy consumption in industry processes by 17% by 2030.1,4
  • Install 1500 MWp of solar power for self-consumption by industries.4
  • Develop minimum energy performance standards for engines greater than 75 kW.4
  • Install 1500 MW of solar power plants on the roofs of industrial sites between 2021 and 2030.1
  • Supply the main industries with energy through imported and “regasified” natural gas pipelines.1
  • Utilise 500 million m³  of natural gas between 2021 and 2030 to replace fuel in thermal processes.4
    • Utilise 300 Ktoe of biomass between 2021 and 2030.
    • Install 1500 MWp of solar power for self-consumption by industries.
    • Replace 30% of fuels used for phosphate drying with solar energy.
    • Capture and recover 100% of CO₂ from phosphoric chimneys by 2028.4