The main drivers of emissions in the energy sector are gas/diesel, oil, LPG, and coal, which collectively accounted for around 48 MtCO₂e in 2018. Energy industries and transport account for 39% and 31% of the energy sector emissions respectively. In the agricultural sector, agricultural soils (linked to factors such as the application of fertilizers, etc) and enteric fermentation linked to animal husbandry are the largest sources of emissions. Agricultural soils contributed 52% and enteric fermentation around 44% of the sector’s emissions in 2018.
In 2019, the fuel mix composition of Morocco’s energy supply was dominated by oil, which provided 56% of the total supply. This was followed by coal at around 30% and biofuels at 6%. Natural gas accounted for 4% of the total energy supply. Renewable energies contribute the least to the national energy supply, with wind and solar power contributing 3% of the total energy supply, while hydropower contributed only 0.5%.
Morocco’s updated NDC explicitly highlights plans to build additional natural gas infrastructure to accommodate 450 MW of imported natural gas capacity by 2030. This risks locking in carbon-intensive investments and assets that will increase the share of fossil fuels in the national energy supply.
In its NDC, the government explicitly highlights its intention to have renewable energy contribute 52% of the national electricity supply by 2030. These plans would also see the share of renewable energies in the national energy supply increase considerably.
Morocco is currently in the process of building a 1.3 GW coal power plant in the city of Nador, which is expected to be operational by 2023-2024. Morocco has also taken steps to extend the lifetime of some of its existing coal plants. These plans include the extension of the Moroccan Electricity and Water Utility Company’s (ONEE) purchasing power agreement (PPA) at the 2 GW Jorf Lasfar coal power plant by another 17 years – from 2027 to 2044., Such activities puts the country on a dangerous carbon intensive path, with the risk of getting stuck with stranded assets when 1.5°C compatible pathways show the need to phase out coal by 2030 (see the power section for more detail).