While power generated within the country is already fully based on renewables, to meet energy demand, the country still uses a small amount of imported oil. While Costa Rica has already achieved, 100% renewable power generation periodically in the past, data from 2019 shows it fell short, reaching 99% of power generated renewably. The country has set a target to reach 100% renewable power generation by 2030, with little specification regarding the sources of renewable power.
Concrete targets for diversified sources of renewable power can ensure that Costa Rica can consistently meet 100% renewable power and stay on track with 1.5°C pathways. Currently, the largest source of renewable power generation in Costa Rica is hydropower. In order to strengthen energy security, sources of power generation may need a more even distribution among hydropower, biomass, solar, wind or green hydrogen to even out high and low periods and protect against future climate variability.
Towards a fully decarbonised power sector
Costa Rica is already incredibly close to achieving full decarbonisation of power generation from renewable sources, such as hydropower, solar and wind. It produced 99% of its power supply from renewables in 2019 and already reached 100% renewable power generation periodically in past years, such as in 2017. This indicates that the country will have no difficulty in reaching its existing target to reach 100% renewable power production by 2030.
As Costa Rica benefits already from an almost completely decarbonised power supply, this is the opportunity for the country to drive decarbonisation in its transport sector through increasing the uptake of electric vehicles in the country’s fleet.