Costa Rica’s NDC, updated in 2020, aims for emissions reductions of 10-14% below 2015 levels in 2030, which translates to approximately 12.3-12.9 MtCO₂e/yr excluding LULUCF by 2030.
Costa Rica’s NDC is not conditional on international support, though Costa Rica has also highlighted the ‘need of financial support, technology transfer and capacity’ as an impact of the pandemic. Paris Agreement compatible emissions pathways would require a 37% emissions reduction below 2015 levels or 9 MtCO₂e/yr excluding LULUCF by 2030.
Current policy projections show that if the country reaches the maximum potential of its current policies, it would be on track to meet its NDC target for 2030.
Costa Rica’s current target is to reach net zero GHG emissions by 2050, including LULUCF as a sink. While the country’s National Decarbonisation Plan states that the forestry sink accounted for -7.4 MtCO₂e/yr in 2012, Costa Rica’s long term strategy predicts a sink of -5.5 MtCO₂e/yr by 2050.
1.5°C compatible pathways would require Costa Rica to reach a level of remaining GHG emissions lower than 2 MtCO₂e/yr excluding LULUCF by 2050 (or 88% below 2015 levels). Costa Rica’s projected land sink indicates that the country is well positioned to balance its remaining emissions by 2050.