The transport sector is the third biggest energy consumer in the DRC, with around 4% share of total final energy consumption in 2019. Transport is entirely powered by imported petroleum fuels, the sector accounting for 99% of final total oil products consumption. Diesel (54%) and motor gasoline (45%) are the most-consumed fuels. The sector was responsible for about 2 MtCO₂e in 2019, with road transport being the largest source of emissions within the sector.
While the country expects a strong growth in transport emissions under a business-as-usual scenario by 2030, the government has estimated the sector’s emissions reduction potential at 27–37 MtCO₂e and articulated some mitigation measures in the NDC. For example, the government plans to develop urban and interurban mass transport such as trams, buses and trains, and promote multimodal transport for passengers and goods. The country’s Third National Communication on Climate Change also included measures such as drafting a national transport policy and renewing the cities’ car fleet with cars less than 10 years old. However, the DRC government does not provide an estimate on the emissions reduction potential of these measures.
According to the 1.5°C compatible pathways analysed here, the sector could be decarbonised through a rapid electrification, with the share of electricity growing from 0% in 2019 to 6–26% in 2030, and 39–49% by 2050. Biofuels could also play a role in the decarbonisation of the sector.