In 2019, direct emissions from transport were 47 MtCO₂e. Argentina has several measures in place targeting the transport sector. One example is a biofuel law implemented in 2006, which promotes the blending of bioethanol in fuels.
Electric car use remains low in Argentina but is slowly increasing due to tax incentives to improve low import rates. In 2021, 5871 new light passenger vehicles with low-emission mobility were registered, of which 99% were hybrid cars and only 1% plug-in electric vehicles. In terms of infrastructure, most EV chargers are concentrated in Buenos Aires, so investments should be made to expand them throughout other parts of Argentina.
In recent years, intentions to invest in green hydrogen using international capital have been announced. Argentina is currently developing a Hydrogen 2030 plan and formulating the regulatory framework.,
1.5°C compatible scenarios indicate that the key to achieving decarbonisation of the transport sector is replacing oil demand with electricity, with the share of electricity in total transport energy demand needing to increase to 40-70% by 2050.
In addition, to reduce fossil fuel dependency, Argentina could also promote further actions to improve public transport and modal shift of freight transport.