Power sector in 2030
In 2019, the power sector accounted for 29% of total greenhouse gas emissions. Due to its large share of overall emissions, a rapid decarbonisation of this sector is essential for Czechia to meet its emissions reduction targets.
According to 1.5°C compatible scenarios, the emissions intensity of the Czech power sector should decrease from 420 gCO₂/kWh in 2019 to 40-50 gCO₂/kWh by 2030. This can be achieved through a rapid phasing out of coal and increasing the share of renewables in the sector to 49-61% by this date. Considering Czechia’s current target of a 17% share of renewables in electricity by 2030, the government is a long way off bringing the power sector in line with a 1.5°C trajectory.
Towards a fully decarbonised power sector
1.5°C compatible scenarios indicate that coal needs to be phased out by 2029 and fossil gas before 2040 to ensure a totally decarbonised power sector by this date. Decarbonisation could be achieved by a rapid uptake of renewables in power generation. However, the government’s lack of support for renewables, as well as its plan to increase the share of fossil gas, means that decarbonisation will not be achieved under planned policies.