Czechia currently has a 2030 emissions target of a 30% reduction below 2005 levels (excl. LULUCF), which, under current policies, it is projected to narrowly miss. However, Czechia’s 2030 target is not compatible with limiting global warming to 1.5°C, which would require emissions reductions of 53-64% below 2005 levels.
Czechia is the worst performing country in the EU regarding the planned deployment of renewables by 2030. Fewer renewable energy sources are planned to be built in this decade than the previous one, meaning that Czechia would have the lowest share of renewable energy in the entire EU. Considering that energy supply is responsible for 69% of Czech emissions, such low ambition means Czechia is one of the bloc’s major climate laggards.
Long term pathway
Czechia has set a target of reducing total GHGs emissions by at least 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. In absolute terms, this corresponds to a maximum emissions level of 39 MtCO₂e/yr. 1.5°C compatible pathways show that Czechia’s GHGs emissions in 2050 should be reduced to 0-19 MtCO₂e/yr or by around 87-100% below 2005 levels, excluding LULUCF.
Remaining GHGs emissions from agriculture will need to be balanced through carbon dioxide removal (CDR) approaches such as direct air capture, reforestation, or bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). The Czech government has shown interest in the use of hydrogen as part of its long-term strategy.
Czechia released its Hydrogen Strategy in July 2021, indicating the government’s commitment to using hydrogen as part of its decarbonisation drive. However, it aims to produce hydrogen from fossil gas with carbon capture and storage (CCS), which still generates emissions, as well as through electrolysis using renewables and nuclear power. The strategy claims that producing sufficient hydrogen to meet future local demand can only be achieved with nuclear power or from fossil gas with CCS, however no justification was given to substantiate this assertion.