The industry sector accounts for 18% of overall Czech emissions, with this being split between energy use (7%) and industrial processes (11%). After the fall of the Soviet Union and the associated decline in industrial activity in former Soviet states, emissions from the industry sector in Czechia dropped drastically. They have since continued to fall, albeit at a slower pace.
In 2019, energy-related industrial emissions were 68% lower than 1990 levels, having fallen from 50.3 MtCO₂/yr to 16 MtCO₂/yr. To be 1.5°C compatible, these CO₂ emissions need to be further reduced by around three quarters below 2019 levels by 2030. This will mainly be achieved by replacing fossil fuels with electricity, hydrogen, and biomass, which, together, should increase their share from 39% in 2019 to 62-67% by 2030 and 74-76% by 2050. In its National Energy and Climate Plan, the government says it intends to improve energy efficiency in production processes.
In 2019, emissions from industrial processes contributed 16 MtCO₂e to Czechia’s total emissions. Although this figure was 9% below 1990 levels, this drop primarily occurred in the early 1990s, with emissions remaining largely stable since then. 1.5°C compatible pathways require process-related emissions to fall to between 7-10 MtCO₂e/yr by 2030. Three main levers can be used to reduce these emissions; decommissioning gasworks gas production, phasing out coal, and increasing electrification of the sector.