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Czech Republic Sectors

What is Czech Republicʼs pathway to limit global warming to 1.5°C?

How to citeLast update: February 2022

Emissions from the transport sector account for 17% of Czechia’s total GHGs emissions and are growing faster than any other sector, with emissions 66% above 1990 levels in 2019.1

In 2019, the share of electricity in the transport sector was only 2% (compared to a share of 11% in 1990).3 To bring the sector in line with 1.5°C compatible pathways, this will need to increase to 40-81% by 2050. Pathways which envision a lower penetration of electricity instead rely on a greater uptake in hydrogen or biomass. Some 1.5°C pathways see hydrogen penetration of 14-42% by 2050, while biomass may rise to 16-45% by 2050.

Instead of developing and implementing policies to achieve a rapid phase out of fossil fuel vehicle sales, the Czech Prime Minister has stated he will fight any EU proposal to implement such a ban.14

1 European Environment Agency. EEA greenhouse gases – data viewer. 2021.

2 Government of Czech Republic. National Energy and Climate Plan of the Czech Republic. 2019.

3 IEA. World Energy Balances 2020. 2020.

4 Government of Czechia. Czechia.2021 Common Reporting Format (CRF) Table. 2021.

5 Mahe, S. France, Czech Republic and others push for nuclear in EU’s green investment rules. Reuters. 2021.

6 International Energy Agency (IEA). Czech Republic 2021: Energy Policy Review. 2021.

7 Gilbert, A., Sovacool, B. K., Johnstone, P. & Stirling, A. Cost overruns and financial risk in the construction of nuclear power reactors: A critical appraisal. Energy Policy 102, 644–649. 2017.

8 Eash-Gates, P. et al. Sources of Cost Overrun in Nuclear Power Plant Construction Call for a New Approach to Engineering Design. Joule 4, 2348–2373. 2020.

9 Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic. Climate Protection Policy of the Czech Republic: Executive Summary 2017. 2017.

10 European Commission. Assessment of the final national energy and climate plan of Czechia. 2020.

11 Ember. Vision or division?: what do National Energy and Climate Plans tell us about the EU power sector in 2030? 2020.

12 Government of Czech Republic. The Czech Republic’s Hydrogen Strategy. 2021.

13 McKinsey & Company. Pathways to decarbonize the Czech Republic: Carbon-neutral Czech Republic 2050. 2020.

14 Ponikelska, L. Czech Leader Demands Big Changes to EU Green Deal Over Cars. Bloomberg. 2021.

Czech Republicʼs energy mix in the transport sector

petajoule per year

SSP1 Low CDR reliance
SSP1 High CDR reliance
Low energy demand
High energy demand - Low CDR reliance
  • Natural gas
  • Coal
  • Oil and e-fuels
  • Biomass
  • Biogas
  • Biofuel
  • Electricity
  • Heat
  • Hydrogen

Czech Republicʼs transport sector direct CO₂ emissions (of energy demand)


  • Historical emissions
  • High energy demand - Low CDR reliance
  • SSP1 Low CDR reliance
  • SSP1 High CDR reliance
  • Low energy demand

1.5°C compatible transport sector benchmarks

Direct CO₂ emissions and shares of electricity, biofuels and hydrogen in the transport final energy demand from illustrative 1.5°C pathways for Czech Republic

Decarbonised transport sector by
Direct CO₂ emissions
4 to 10
1 to 4
2049 to 2051
Relative to reference year in %
−80 to −47%
−93 to −79%
−96 to −95%
Share of electricity
16 to 41
32 to 72
40 to 81
Share of biofuels
13 to 17
17 to 32
16 to 45
Share of hydrogen
3 to 8
7 to 38
14 to 42