This analysis was conducted on the basis of Ukraine’s 2021 updated nationally determined contribution and before the brutal and unwarranted Russian military invasion in the country.
We are publishing it to show that the Ukrainian government had plans in place to facilitate a transition to a low carbon economy.
Once peace is restored, in addition to very large reconstruction and humanitarian needs, Ukraine will need international support to build a climate-resilient society and economy in line with the Paris Agreement.
Ukraine saw a dramatic collapse in GHG emissions after the dissolution of the Soviet Union from 1990 onwards. But emissions started to steadily rise again from the late 1990s until the onset of the global financial crisis. As a result of the economic slowdown, emissions were falling again across almost all sectors over the subsequent decade, reaching 64% below 1990 levels in 2018 (excluding LULUCF emissions).
The waste and LULUCF sectors are exceptions from this downward trend. Waste emissions in 2019 were roughly the same as they were in 1990, while the LULUCF sector has transformed from a considerable emissions sink in 1990 (-59MtCO₂e/1990) to be net neutral. This is primarily due to a large increase in emissions from cropland over this period.