Transport by road is the primary form of mobility for the majority of people in Zimbabwe, as well as for the distribution of goods around this land-locked country. Transport by rail, air, and boat (on dams and rivers) makes up a small percentage overall. The sector is completely dominated by fossil fuels, predominantly oil (94.5% in 2019) and biofuels (4.6%); there was no electricity in the mix in 2019. Transport emissions increased by 16% during the period 2000-2017. Even so, the small scale of the sector means it produces only 8% of the country’s GHG emissions.
In conjunction with EVs, hydrogen is only mentioned once, in Zimbabwe’s 2019 LTS, and it appears with the provision of “feasible over the long-term with sufficient technical and financial support”. The LTS also models EV roll-out, but notes that the linked electricity demand projections have not been incorporated into the planning of the national power system. The more recent BUR and revised NDC make no mention of hydrogen.
In all the scenarios, the sector is close to fully decarbonised (less than 5 gCO₂/MJ) between 2034 and 2037. Decarbonisation of the sector will be mostly driven by electrification and increased share of biofuels in the fuel mix, reaching 7-27% by 2030 and 50-82% by 2030 respectively.