Zimbabwe’s First Biennial Update Report published in 2020 shows that the AFOLU sector was the country’s largest source of GHG emissions (62%) with LULUCF emissions making up the lion’s share (50% of total GHG emissions). While the country also benefits from a large carbon sink, the net reported emissions remained positive in 2017. This is mostly driven by deforestation due to shifting to agriculture as well as forest harvesting., In agriculture, cattle and other livestock are the main driver of emissions.
Emissions from the energy sector contribute 35% to total GHG emissions, with electricity production and transport accounting for most of it (19% and 8% respectively). Emissions from the IPPU and waste sectors were very small in comparison (1.9% and 1.5% of total GHG emissions).
Since 1990, the proportion of GHG emissions from the energy sector has remained fairly stable, while AFOLU emissions have fluctuated more noticeably – driven by biomass burning on forested land due to droughts and economic necessity., Zimbabwe’s forestry resources cover approximately 46% of the total land area (179,748 km²) so addressing these emissions is essential to mitigation.
The National Development Strategy (NDS1), 2021-2025, aims to increase electricity and coal supply to the iron and steel sectors, both of which will lead to an upward trajectory in emissions under a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario.