The transport sector has the highest share of total final consumption of energy in Morocco (around 37% in 2019) and was responsible for over 21% of the country’s GHG emissions in 2018., Transport in Morocco is powered almost exclusively by imported oil (99% of the fuel mix in 2019).
With the Government of Morocco estimating a 5% annual growth in fuel consumption for the transport sector, it will result in emissions increasing if still based on fossil fuels.
To align with 1.5°C compatible pathways, Morocco should reduce the direct annual CO₂ emissions from the transport sector from 19 MtCO₂ in 2019 to between 9-10 MtCO₂ in 2030, and fully decarbonise the sector by 2049-2062. This can be achieved through a rapid electrification, with the share of electricity growing from 1% in 2019, to 5-45% in 2030, and 40-91% by 2050.
Some scenarios indicate that the share of oil in the transport sector could be reduced to as low as 3% by 2050.
Morocco aims to reduce its transport sector’s emissions by around 5 MtCO₂e by 2030 (relative to BAU levels) through a range of measures outlines in its Third Biennial Update Report. These include the expansion of tramways in Rabat and Casablanca; the adoption of Euro 6 emissions standards for new vehicles from January 2024; introduction of a “bonus-malus system” to encourage purchase of low-emission vehicles, and penalisation of the most polluting vehicle models (see the targets section for more information). While Morocco has taken some small steps to encourage the uptake of electric vehicles (EVs), including the installation of charging stations on the Tangier-Agadir highway, there are no national targets for the development of electric mobility.
While the above steps are encouraging, Morocco needs to accelerate and enhance the implementation of such measures to decarbonise the transport sector in a timely fashion. The adoption of electric-powered vehicles and enhanced public transit options are key avenues through which the necessary decarbonisation may be achieved.