Industrial energy consumption accounted for 11% of Mexico’s total energy sector emissions in 2019. The trend in recent years shows a decrease in emissions, with 2019 emissions similar to 1990 values. This is mainly due to the closure of some chemical industries such as fertiliser, and the decline of iron, and steel production. Regarding fuel consumption, coal represented a 13% share and petroleum coke a 12% share in 2019.
According to the pathways analysed here, the industry sector could be fully decarbonised by around 2040. The share of electricity in the sector’s final energy demand in 2019 was 39%. The share of electricity would need to increase to around 49% by 2030 to be aligned with a 1.5°C compatible trajectory.
Industrial process emissions come mainly from cement, lime production, glass and iron and steel production and represent 10% of total national GHG emissions.