The share of fossil gas in the power sector has in the past ten years grown steadily, and gas has overtaken coal as the most prominent fuel. In 2019, 95% of Israel’s power sector relied on fossil fuels, two thirds on gas and one third on coal. Only 5% of Israel’s power was generated from renewables.
Israel’s commitment to phase out coal-fired power generation by 2026 is an important step in the right direction. However, the government’s plans to increase the use of gas to replace coal are not in line with the 1.5°C temperature goal. Also the current target to increase the share of renewable energy to 40% by 2030 falls well short of the 68–83% share needed to be Paris Agreement compatible.
Israel aims to reduce power sector emissions by 30% by 2030 below 2015 levels. Our analysis of 1.5˚C compatible pathways shows that carbon intensity of the sector would need to fall by 77–81% by 2030 below 2015 levels.
The government currently aims to reduce power sector emissions by 85% below 2015 by 2050, while 1.5°C compatible pathways show that the sector could be fully decarbonised already by 2040. A full decarbonisation of the sector will require gas to be phased out by 2040, and the share of renewable energy to reach 100% by 2050. The government need to more strongly commit to moving the power sector from fossil fuels to renewable energy to get on track to meeting the country’s climate commitments.