Israel’s greenhouse gas emissions increased by 104% between 1990 and 2019, from 43 MtCO₂e to 88 MtCO₂e. The majority of emissions (78%) come from the energy sector, meaning decarbonising the power, industry and transport sectors will be central to efforts to bring Israel in line with the Paris Agreement.
The power sector accounts for the biggest share of energy emissions, at 39% of total emissions in 2019. This was followed by transport at 21% of GHG emissions. Industrial processes and waste each contributed 10% respectively to Israel’s total emissions (excl. LULUCF). Based on Israel third national communication to the UNFCCC, LULUCF emissions are negligible in the country, accounting for less than 1% of total emissions.
Israel’s population is expanding at a rate of 2% per year and the government is faced with the dual challenge of reducing emissions while managing a rapidly growing population. The government’s commitment to reduce emissions by 27% by 2030 relative to 2015 levels, as outlined in its recent NDC, is more ambitious than the previous target (which was resulting in an increase of emissions of around 1% above 2015 levels by 2030). However, it is still incompatible with meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement, see the ambition gap section.