Israel is experiencing rapid population growth of around 2% per year and the government plans to build 1.5 million new homes by 2040. Ensuring the highest possible energy efficiency of these new dwellings will be crucial to bringing the buildings sector in line with 1.5°C pathways.
According to our analysis, the building sector CO₂ emissions should fall to around 1 MtCO₂e (a third from current direct CO₂ emissions) by 2030. The Israeli building sector already has a high level of electrification around 84% in 2019. To be 1.5 compatible, the share of electrification in the buildings sector need to increase to 88–96% by 2030 and 96–99% by 2050. Emissions reductions from the sector will therefore be achieved through the decarbonisation of the country’s electricity generation (see the power section).
The Israeli government has introduced a Green Buildings Standard which mandates new buildings to adhere to certain environmental standards. Stronger emissions limits and financial incentives for energy efficiency renovations would complement the standard and further the building sector decarbonisation.