Türkiye’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (excl. LULUCF) have been steadily rising for the past three decades, increasing to 138% above 1990 levels in 2018. While all sectors of the economy have registered significant emissions growth, the majority of this increase has come from the energy sector (81%). The power sector registered the largest single increase, more than tripling over this period, accounting for 30% of the country’s national carbon footprint in 2018. Emissions from the agriculture sector, which were stable between 1990–2010, have since increased by 44% (2010–2019).
The forestry and land use sector, on the other hand, has become a considerably larger sink over time, removing almost 95 MtCO₂e in 2018, compared to 56 MtC₂e in 1990. Türkiye’s National Inventory Report 2020 explains this increase driven by an “increased productivity of the forests”.