Due to economic transformation in the early 1990s, Poland’s emissions fell from 475 MtCO₂e/yr in 1990 to 396 MtCO₂e/yr in 2000. Afterwards they remained steady with emissions in 2018 slightly above the 2000 levels. Between 1990 and 2019, Poland’s emissions fell by 17%, much less than the overall drop in the EU’s emissions of almost 26%, with the bulk of reductions taking place prior to 2000.
In 2018, Poland’s power sector (with accompanied heat generation) was responsible for almost 40% of the country’s GHG emissions. While emissions from transport constituted a much smaller share of 16%, there is a continued upward trend in the emissions from this sector, which has already tripled from the 1990 emission levels.
Implementation of current policies will result in emissions increasing by 3% in the 2020s from 2019 levels, mainly driven by the transport sector, with emissions from the power sector remaining stagnant.