Emissions from residential and commercial buildings have declined by 40% since 1990, reaching 62 MtCO₂ in 2019. The emissions decline is a result of electrification which increased from 30% in 1990 to 47% in 2019. Additionally, the share of fossil fuels in the building sector decreased over the same period by 8%.
France’s long-term strategy, the Stratégie Nationale Bas-Carbone (SNBC), includes a target of reducing the building sector’s GHG emissions (with more than 80% CO₂ emissions) by 49% by 2030 compared to 2015 and reaching a full decarbonisation by 2050. Under 1.5°C emission pathways, the sector should reduce its direct CO₂ emissions by at least 58% by 2030 below 2015 levels, and be fully decarbonised between 2035 and 2044. To reach this goal, France will need to continue increasing the share of electricity to 65% in 2030, from 43% in 2019.
The government’s planned measures for the sector mainly provide financial support to increase energy efficiency of existing buildings, promote a low carbon construction sector and update standards and labelling for new buildings. France has also introduced a ban on the use of fuel oil for new heating systems from 2022. However, the government will need to strengthen its policies and measures to reach the necessary renovation rates to be in line with its 2030 target, let alone 1.5°C compatible pathways.