Energy related industrial emissions have fallen by 33% since 1990 to 59 MtCO₂e in 2019.
Electrification, replacing fossil gas with hydrogen when electrification is not possible, and increasing energy efficiency in industrial processes are key to reducing emissions in line with 1.5°C compatible pathways. By 2030, 48–61% of industry energy demand could be met with biomass, electricity and hydrogen. By 2050, their share could increase to 72–85%.
Industrial process emissions have decreased by 40% from 1990 levels to 47 MtCO₂e in 2019. They largely consist of CO₂ and come from the mineral, metal and chemical industries, followed by HFCs from refrigeration. Process emissions will need to be more than halved by 2030.
The main measures to reduce emissions in France’s industry sector are capping emissions through the EU emissions trading system, increasing the share of renewable energy-based electrification and supporting technological innovation. The government has set a 41% electrification target for the industry sector by 2030 and 70% by 2050 in its final consumption from 2015 levels. However, France will need to raise its ambition to reach net zero emissions by 2050, particularly to reduce industrial process emissions.