Energy related emissions in the Turkish industrial sector increased by 115% between 1990 and 2019, from 38 MtCO₂e to about 83 MtCO₂e. The share of coal in the sector’s energy mix declined from 41% to 24%, and the share of electricity and heat increased from 21% to 31% and 0.1% to 4%, respectively. However, at the same time, the share of fossil gas increased dramatically from 4% to 30%.
A full decarbonisation of Türkiye’s industrial sector would be possible between 2048 and 2050 if the sector achieved a 59%–71% electrification by 2040, and 67%–79% by 2050.
Emissions from industrial processes nearly tripled from 23 MtCO₂e in 1990 to 66.8 MtCO₂e in 2020.10 To align with 1.5°C pathways, process-related emissions would need to fall from their current level of about 67 MtCO₂e to at most 52 MtCO₂e in 2030 and 35 MtCO₂e in 2050.
The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan sets a target for reducing energy intensity of industrial processes by 10% by 2023. It also proposes low interest loans to increase energy efficiency as well as increasing cogeneration capabilities at industrial sites with heat requirements exceeding 20 MW.