Emissions in the buildings sector in Türkiye increased from about 23 MtCO₂e in 1990 to 54 MtCO₂e in 2016, but their share of total emissions has remained stable at around 12%. Share of electricity in the sector’s power mix increased from 9% in 1990 to 32% in 2019, but at the same time, the share of fossil fuels grew from approximately 42% to about 59%. The growth was mostly driven by an increased use of fossil gas which accounted for 75% of fossil fuels in the sector’s energy mix in 2019.
All 1.5°C aligned pathways analysed here foresee an increasing role for electrification, with the share of electricity rising to 55–60% by 2030 and 84–89% by 2050. To be aligned with 1.5°C compatible pathways, Türkiye would need to decrease direct CO₂ emissions in the buildings sector to below 21 MtCO₂ by 2030 and fully decarbonise the sector by mid-2040s.
Türkiye’s National Energy Efficiency Action Plan proposes to introduce standards for newly constructed public and private buildings. Such standards would for example require that all new buildings have at a minimum an Energy Performance Certificate “B”. Another proposal in the plan would mandate new buildings to be “nearly zero energy buildings”. Türkiye has set several short-term goals for increasing the energy efficiency of buildings, such as a 15% reduction in energy use by 2023. However, the goals refer primarily to public buildings; Türkiye has no long-term policies mandating the refurbishment of existing, privately-owned housing stock.