Transport accounts for 17% of total emissions and is growing faster than any other sector, now 52% above 1990 levels. There is currently no emissions reduction target specifically for the transport sector.
In 2019, the share of electricity in the transport sector’s final energy demand was roughly 1%, meaning that any efforts to decarbonise the sector will involve greatly increasing this share. 1.5°C compatible scenarios show that by 2030 electricity would need to have a 10-29% share in transport sector final energy demand, increasing to 33-72% by 2050.
In scenarios that show a lower penetration of renewables in the transport sector, this is offset by a higher penetration of hydrogen or biofuels. If these options are indeed prioritised, it would require significant scaling up of capacity.
In its NECP, the government states that it will encourage rail transport over road transport. Additionally, it intends to increase the share of renewables in the transport sector to 14.2% by 2030. For renewables to penetrate the transport sector, public charging infrastructure will need to be rolled out comprehensively. Romania currently ranks in the bottom five countries in the EU regarding EV charging points per 100 km, reflecting the fact that the government is still some way off achieving its stated targets.