Due to the closure of inefficient industry after the fall of the Soviet Union, industry related emissions are 73% lower than in 1990. They have stabilised in the last decade, however, amounting to 26 MtCO₂e in 2019. This means that the industry sector accounts for 22% of overall emissions, split evenly between energy use and industrial processes.
Energy-related CO₂ emissions in Romania’s industry sector were 16 MtCO₂ in 2019, and to be to 1.5°C compatible, need to fall to 4-9 MtCO₂ by 2030. The bulk of these emissions reductions can be made through an increased uptake of renewables alongside the phasing out of coal. The Romanian Government has indicated it will finance the use of hydrogen in the industry sector, which can contribute to decarbonisation of the sector.,
1.5°C scenarios show emissions from industrial processes reduced to 3-9 MtCO₂e by 2030. These scenarios largely involve improvements in energy efficiency. The Romanian Government has identified the circular economy, i.e. through reducing energy consumption involved in the processing of raw materials, as an important part of reducing industry emissions. However, concrete actions remain lacking.