The energy sector constitutes the largest share of emissions in Romania, making up 65% of total emissions (excl. LULUCF). This is because of its heavy reliance on fossil fuels.
In 2018, natural gas and oil accounted for the largest shares of Romania’s total energy supply at 29% each. This was followed by coal (15%), biofuels (11.5%), nuclear (9%) and hydro (4.5%). Renewables (excl. hydro) only contributed 2% to the total energy supply in 2018, indicating significant room for improvement in this area.
In its 2021-2030 Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan, Romania set a target of increasing the share of renewables in gross final energy consumption to 30.7% in 2030. Considering that the share of renewables (including hydropower) was at 24.3% in 2019, this does not represent a substantial increase in ambition.
A lack of policy intent leaves Romania on a trajectory that is far from being 1.5°C compatible. Despite a stated 2030 coal phase-out, the planned replacement of some coal plants with fossil gas plants would be a move in the wrong direction, let alone the 3.9 GW fossil gas capacities under construction as of August 2022.
Current targets indicate that the Romanian power sector will be far from 1.5°C compatible by 2030.