The transport sector is responsible for around 10% of Peru’s total emissions. The main source is road transport as the number of vehicles continues to grow. The sector mostly relies on oil-based fuels.
Electric vehicle (EV) sales in Peru are still very low compared to the region. The government has implemented some measures to incentivise the purchase of EVs and hybrids such as low taxes and parking benefits. The sector has big potential to grow with the right investments and if proper infrastructure is put in place., Further efforts from the government to promote EV adoption include the TransElectrico project as a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) to promote Electric Transport. The government created in 2019 the National Programme for Sustainable Urban Transport which seeks to create integrated transport systems in cities.
Three of the 1.5°C compatible pathways studied here show a steady decrease in emissions, leading to the decarbonisation of the transport sector by 2050. This is mainly driven by the increase in electricity’s share to between 21% and 49% by 2050. To be in line with the 1.5°C compatible pathways, Peru would need to reduce direct CO₂ emissions from the transport sector by between 20% to 32% below 2019 by 2030.