Direct CO₂ emissions from the building sector were under 1% of Namibia’s total emissions in 2015, although this does not include emissions from biomass used for cooking.
Total final consumption in the residential sector increased between 1996 -2019 (6718 TJ to 7979 TJ), while consumption in commercial and public buildings reduced (209TJ to 82TJ) in that timeframe. Combined, the total final energy consumption of the sector increased from 6927 TJ to 8061 TJ by 2019.
Namibia’s 2021 Biennial Update Report includes a mitigation objective that at least 80% of total gross floor area should meet green buildings standards by 2030, and unspecified energy efficiency measures.
Analysed 1.5°C pathways show electrification of the building sector reaching around 15% by 2050. This is likely an underestimation of the potential to electrify the sector, which will also be crucial for development goals. Uncertainties in the historical data for the buildings energy mix likely contributes to this underestimation. As of 2020, about 56% of Namibia’s population had access to electricity.