The industry sector accounted for about 4% of the overall energy consumption in the DRC in 2019. The industrial sector’s electricity share of total final energy consumption has been increasing over the past decade, reaching 56% in 2019.
1.5°C compatible pathways foresee direct CO₂ emissions from industry energy demand – already close to zero – decline to zero or turn into negative emissions by 2030 and later. This decline would be primarily driven by an increase in the share of electricity in the sector’s energy supply from 56% in 2019 up to 74% in 2030, to reach 77–93% in 2050. Electricity will help decarbonise the industry sector if it is produced from renewable energy sources which is the case in the DRC (See the power section for details).
The DRC is expecting its mining sector to grow with the increasing demand for cobalt needed for zero-emission technologies globally. The country’s economy already relies heavily on cobalt production. Cobalt mining activities will drive an increase in electricity demand, and emissions. Meeting this high electricity demand through renewables would help to decarbonise the sector and build a low-carbon value chain for the global electric vehicle fleet.
However, the DRC doesn’t address the potential risk of unsustainable development of the mining sector in its NDC. The lack of preparedness could pose a significant challenge to the decarbonisation of the DRC’s industry sector. The country would benefit from an action plan to mitigate a potential increase in the use of fossil fuels to meet the growing electricity demand and to ensure sustainable mining activities.