Energy consumption of transport sector in Bangladesh has been steadily increasing since 2008, with the sector consuming 12% of total energy in 2019. Share of electricity is currently around zero and is required to grow up to 4-9% by 2030 and 21-24% by 2050 in analysed 1.5°C compatible pathways. All scenarios see a rapid decline in direct CO₂ emissions from transport sector to 0-5 MtCO₂/yr by 2050 from 12 MtCO₂/yr in 2019, mostly driven by a high electrification rate and introduction of biofuels in the fuel mix.
Energy demand for transport sector is currently completely met by fossil fuels (100% in 2019), mostly oil (70%) and natural gas (30%). All 1.5°C compatible scenarios show a declining trend of fossil energy demand from 2020.
To achieve greater efficiency in transport, Bangladesh aims the expansion of its Mass Rapid Transit and Bus Rapid Transit system in Dhaka City with maiden electric bus service., Bangladeshi government plans to construct 798 km of new rail line by 2025 and to introduce energy-efficient locomotives.