Industry emissions were considerably higher in 2018 than in 1990, driven primarily by more than doubling of process emissions over this period. In 2018, emissions from the industry sector accounted for around 18% of total emissions.
In terms of energy-related emissions, the food and beverages industry accounts for the biggest share, followed by the manufacture of chemicals and construction. 1.5°C compatible pathways show the industry sector’s share of electricity in final energy demand increasing to 42-47% by 2030 and 71-78% by 2050 from the 2019 level of 32%. The Argentinian government is encouraging energy diagnostics in industries, intending to improve processes and detect energy efficiency opportunities.
Cement and lime production are the main sources of industrial process emissions in Argentina, followed by metal industries (iron and steel), the use of products (mainly refrigerants) and chemical industries. Argentina established a sectoral plan focusing on energy efficiency, creating a circular economy, renewable energy and carbon capture and storage (CCS). Given that CCS remains commercially unviable with significant uncertainty as to its future ability to provide large-scale abatement, planning heavy future reliance on these technologies involves considerable risk.