1.5°C compatible pathways show that the share of fossil fuel in Senegal’s primary energy mix will need to decrease from 62% in 2017 to around 30% in 2040, and less than 20% by 2050.
To enable emissions reductions, Senegal will need to considerably scale up its renewable energy supply. Paris compatible pathways show a rapid uptake of renewables from around 38% in 2017 to 65% of the energy mix by 2040, and 71% by 2050 which could be implemented through Senegal’s huge underexploited renewable energy potential for solar, wind, hydropower, and bioenergy. However, the energy sector is expected to grow significantly under business as usual and will represent more than 50% of the country’s overall emissions in 2022 mostly driven by increased energy demand as well as the planned exploitation of oil and gas starting in 2022.
In 2017, 97% of renewable energy was traditional biomass such as wood and charcoal, which have negative health and sustainability implications. There will need to be a shift away from traditional biomass to other renewables such as solar, wind and hydro through increasing electrification rate of end-use sectors and access to clean cooking options to reduce the use of traditional biomass.
Senegal aims to provide universal access to electricity by 2025 which provides an opportunity for the country to shift away from traditional biomass sources to renewables. Renewables comes with co-benefits and will steer emissions reductions in the LULUCF sector, by reducing deforestation.