Under 1.5°C compatible pathways, Senegal’s power mix sees a high uptake of renewable energy (including solar, wind, hydro and modern biomass) from a share of 11% in 2017 to 94–97% by 2030, and a sharp reduction of fossil fuels, mostly oil, from 89% in 2017 to 3-5% by 2030.
Coal and gas have played a minor role in Senegal’s power mix, and in 1.5°C compatible pathways they rapidly phase out, with a shift to 100% renewables by 2040 at the latest.
A zero-emissions power sector is reached by 2035 at the latest, mostly driven by the phase out of oil. Transitioning from oil to renewable energy is an opportunity for the country to shift towards a low carbon energy system with additional co-benefits such as job creation and affordable electricity. It is also a major lever to reduce government expenditure on oil imports.
In contrast to Senegal’s plans to start exploiting its oil and gas reserves, a shift to Senegal’s underexploited renewable energy solar potential would prevent locking in a carbon intensive pathway and the risk of stranded assets, in addition to increasing its energy security as Senegal predominately imports oil for energy consumption.
In 2018, traditional biomass (fuelwood and charcoal) accounted for 82% of total residential energy consumption (slightly less than half of Senegal’s total final energy consumption). Promoting electric transportation and cooking technologies that run on clean energy would significantly curb household biomass combustion and reduce fossil fuel usage.