As of 2018, electricity generation in Saudi Arabia was completely dominated by fossil fuels, with nearly 60% attributed to natural gas and the rest from oil.3
With high solar irradiation, Saudi Arabia benefits from high renewable energy potential, particularly from solar technologies.4 To be 1.5°C compatible, Saudi Arabia would need to move away from fossil-based power generation, and ramp up its renewable energy share in power generation to 6-22% by 2030 and 92-100% by 2050. Natural gas would need to be phased out from the power system between 2040 and 2047.
1.5°C compatible pathways indicate a fully decarbonised power sector in the 2040s, reaching a carbon intensity of zero to 20 gCO2/kWh by 2040 (96-100% reduction below 2017).
Key power sector benchmarks
Renewables shares and year of zero emissions power Including the use of BECCS
- 2030 6 to 22% Renewable share
- 2040-2043 Zero emissions power
- 2050 92 to 100% Renewable share