Due to economic transformation in the early 1990s, Poland’s emissions fell from 475 MtCO₂e/yr in 1990 to 396 MtCO₂e/yr in 2000. Afterwards they remained relatively steady with emissions in 2018 even slightly above the 2000 levels. Between 1990 and 2019, Poland’s emissions fell by 17%, much below the EU’s emissions reduction by almost 26%, with the bulk of reductions taking place prior to 2000.
In 2019, Poland’s power sector (with heat generation) was responsible for almost 38% of Poland’s GHGs emissions and 40% of the CO₂ emissions. This is significantly above the EU’s average at around a quarter of all emissions. While emissions from transport constituted a much smaller share of 17%, there is a continued upward trend of the emissions from this sector, which has already tripled from 1990 emission levels.
Implementation of current policies will result in emissions increasing by 3% in the 2020s, mainly driven by the transport sector, with emissions from the power sector remaining at the same levels.