Kenya’s energy system is currently dominated with traditional biomass mostly used for cooking. 2019 data shows traditional biomass at nearly 70%, charcoal at 42%, LPG at 30% and electric cooking at only 2.8%., While the primary energy is mostly composed of renewables, when excluding biomass which has severe impacts, the share of other renewables reached around 16% in 2017. Paris compatible pathways indicate that although the country would need to maintain LLP, a high level of renewables there will be needed to shift from traditional biomass, reducing its share from around 64% in 2017 by about a third in 2030 and by half by 2040. This can be achieved by increasing energy access and the deployment of electric cooking in households.
The transport sector is also reliant on oil for vehicles and industrial operations as well as in the aviation sector thus the MTPIII, Energy Policy and NCCAP have outlined non-motorised transport, bus-rapid transit, fuel-efficient vehicles, promotion of electric vehicles as well as fuel efficiency in aviation as ways to reduce emissions in this sector.,,, Focus on mass transit, electric vehicles and non-motorised transit will be key in achieving the set targets in this sector.
Kenya’s NDC envisages the use of fossil fuels to achieve universal energy access unless international finance is provided to bridge the gap through further development of renewable energy sources.,, This stands at odds with its abundant renewable energy resources, especially as one of the countries with the most advanced geothermal generating capacity which it plans to increase by about 123% from the current 860 MWe with an additional 1065 MWe by 2030.
As of 2019, 84% of Kenyans had access to electricity. The MTP III and Energy Policy set out to achieve universal access by 2030. This will enable transformation to clean cooking especially electric cooking provided awareness, reliability and other underlying factors are addressed.,